Learning Objectives

6.1. Summarize the psychosocial tasks of infancy and toddlerhood.
6.2. Examine infants’ developing capacities for basic and self-conscious emotions and emotional regulation.

6.3. Identify contextual and cultural influences on emotional development in infants and toddlers. 

6.4. Define temperament in infancy, and identify styles of temperament.

6.5. Discuss the stability of temperament and the role of goodness of fit in infant development. 

6.6. Examine attachment styles. 

6.7. Discuss culture and attachment as well as strategies to promote the development of attachment relationships.

6.8. Differentiate self-concept, self-recognition, and self-control, and discuss their respective roles in infant development.