Learning Objectives

18.1. Compare the roles of self-concept, reminiscence, and life review in developing a sense of ego integrity.

18.2. Discuss patterns of stability and change in personality traits over the adult years.

18.3. Explain the contributions of religion and social support to older adults’ well-being.

18.4. Analyze four theories that account for changes in social interaction over the adult years.

18.5. Identify social contexts in which older adults live and their influence on development.

18.6. Explain the role of relationships with friends and siblings in older adulthood.

18.7. Compare the effects of marriage, divorce, and cohabitation on older adults’ functioning.

18.8. Discuss features of relationships between older adults and adult children and grandchildren.

18.9. Identify types of elder maltreatment and characteristics of victims.

18.10. Analyze influences on the timing of retirement and adaptation.

18.11. Examine the dying process and cultural views surrounding death.

18.12. Define the concept of death with dignity, and identify ways of supporting death with dignity.

18.13. Discuss the grieving process.

18.14. Identify effects of widowhood in older adulthood.