Learning Objectives

After completing this chapter you should be able to:

  • Summarize patterns of body growth and biological and contextual influences on growth during infancy and childhood.
  • Discuss the physical changes that occur with puberty, influences on pubertal timing, and the psychosocial effects of early and late puberty. 
  • Identify normative patterns of physical and reproductive change as well as explanations for the causes of aging. 
  • Analyze the influence of eating habits, obesity, and physical activity on physical development and functioning over the lifespan.