Learning Objectives

After completing this chapter you should be able to:

  • Describe the process of cell reproduction and patterns of genetic inheritance.
  • Define and provide examples of genetic disorders and chromosomal abnormalities.
  • Explain how the dynamic interactions of heredity and environment influence development.
  • Discuss the stages of prenatal development, stages of childbirth, and challenges for infants  at risk.
  • Identify the principles of teratology, types of teratogens, and ways that teratogens can be used to predict prenatal outcomes.