Learning Objectives

After completing this chapter you should be able to:

  • Discuss the development of moral reasoning from childhood through adulthood.
  • Describe the progression of prosocial behavior, including biological and contextual influences.
  • Explain how children learn to engage in acceptable behavior.
  • Identify normative patterns of aggressive behavior and influences on atypical aggression during childhood and adolescence.
  • Describe the typical progression of religiosity or spirituality over the lifespan.