Learning Check Answers

Learning Check 2.1

1. The UCR is based on offenses reported to __________.

Answer: law enforcement

2. Unknown crimes are referred to as __________.

Answer: the dark figure of crime

3. When more than one Part I offense is classified, the law enforcement agency must locate the offense that is highest on the list; this is referred to as the __________.

Answer: hierarchy rule

4. Exceptions to the hierarchy rule are __________.

Answer: arson, human trafficking/commercial sex acts, and human trafficking/involuntary servitude; these offenses are always reported, even in multiple-offense situations

Learning Check 2.2

1. __________ are not separate, distinct crimes; rather, they are traditional crimes motivated by the offender’s bias.

Answer: Hate crimes

2. Like the UCR Program, __________ data include only those crimes reported to law enforcement.

Answer: NIBRS

3. NIBRS does not use the hierarchy rule (true or false?).

Answer: True

4. Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted (LEOKA) is a supplementary data collection program of the __________.

Answer: UCR

Learning Check 2.3

1. The __________ survey collects information on substance and alcohol use patterns among youths.

Answer: Monitoring the Future

2. The __________ started with an initial sample of youths born between 1959 and 1965.

Answer: National Youth Survey

3. In 1926, Congress mandated the collection of information on individuals incarcerated in state and federal prisons, resulting in the __________.

Answer: National Prisoner Statistics Program

4. __________ focuses on crime places.

Answer: Spatial analyses of crime