Learning Check Answers

Learning Check 15.1

1. Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2009 is named after what two victims of hate crimes?

Answer: Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention

2. The __________ Act of 1990 is part of the UCR program.

Answer: Hate Crime Statistics

3. A hate crime is an offense that must be __________ by an individual with a bias against the victim’s race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, and/or ethnicity/national origin.

Answer: motivated

4. __________ theory was applied to understanding hate crimes against the Amish.

Answer: Routine activities

Learning Check 15.2

1. __________ includes terrorist acts that transpire due to the direct, or indirect, guidance of the state or government.

Answer: State-sponsored terrorism

2. The term “terrorism” originated from the reign of terror that prevailed during the __________.

Answer: French Revolution

3. The traditional terrorist organization comprised of __________.

Answer: cells

4. One theoretical model that could enhance our understating of terrorism, used in the military for teaching, training, and operational studies, is __________.

Answer: game theory

Learning Check 15.3

1. The establishment of the __________ was considered the most noteworthy transformation of the U.S. government in more than 50 years.

Answer: Office of Homeland Security

2. The problem of __________ arose when agencies involved in the reorganization not only acquired new responsibilities but also were to continue with their agencies’ missions prior to the merge.

Answer: mission distortion

3. One of the most controversial of the government policies in response to the September 11, 2001, attacks is the __________.