Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you will be able to:

11.1 Summarize the basic assumptions of labeling theory.
11.2 Evaluate the research and criticisms of labeling theory.
11.3 Describe and distinguish between the various conflict perspectives.
11.4 Evaluate the research and criticisms of conflict perspectives.
11.5 Describe the key contributors of alternative perspectives such as peacemaking criminology, the restorative justice perspective, and left realism.
11.6 Summarize the policies associated to labeling and conflict theories of crime.