Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

1 Define science and the scientific method.

2 Describe six steps for engaging in the scientific method.

3 Describe five nonscientific methods of acquiring knowledge.

4 Identify the four goals of science.

5–6 Distinguish between basic and applied research, and between quantitative and qualitative research.

7 Delineate science from pseudoscience.