Learning Objectives

2.1 Discuss dualism and the mind/body problem and explain how they relate to the concept of embodied cognition.

2.2 Compare the components of the tripartite structure of the brain, define the neocortex ratio, and evaluate the ecological and social theories of brain evolution.

2.3 Describe the functions of: neuron, dendrite, soma, axon, synaptic gap.

2.4 List and describe the roles of the five key neurotransmitters.

2.5 Describe the functions of the brain lobes and the prefrontal cortex, limbic system, insula, thalamus, hypothalamus, chromosomes, DNA, genes, and alleles, and explain how gene vari­ation occurs.

2.6 Define social neuroscience and discuss its major methods: GSR, EMG, EEG, MEG, fMRI.