Learning Objectives

13.1 Contrast hedonic and eudaimonic happiness and subjective well-being; relate the concept of affective forecasting to the durability bias, focalism, and immune neglect.

13.2 Summarize the research regarding how social relationships, children, personal wealth, and culture can affect happiness; relate happiness to adaptation-level theory.

13.3 Describe the benefits of happiness and explain the sustainable happiness model and what people can do to become happier.

13.4 Discuss religiousness and its four dimensions; distinguish them from the three forms of religious orientation; identify the functions and sources of religion; explain how religion impacts physical and mental health as well as happiness.

13.5 Identify the primary and secondary effects of overconsumption and resulting pollution; explain how the environment affects well-being.

13.6 Compare and contrast tragedy of the com­mons, social dilemmas, and one-person, missing-hero, and collective traps; sum­marize how to overcome the problem of sustainability, the seven categories of obstacles, and the major ways that society can help improve sustainability.