Learning Objectives

10.1 Define intergroup bias, stereotype, prejudice, discrimination, and modern and aversive racism; outline the three waves of research on racism.

10.2 Explain social identity and self-categorization theories and how they help us understand prejudice; define ingroups, outgroups, ingroup favoritism, minimal group paradigm, and outgroup homogeneity effect.

10.3 Describe how stereotypes can be automatically activated.

10.4 Summarize the Robbers Cave study and its flaws and relate it to realistic group conflict theory; discuss scapegoating and the research on culture and prejudice. Explain the IAT, how it works, and what it is intended to measure.

10.5 Discuss how illusory correlation, the ultimate attribution error, social dominance orientation, and right-wing authoritarianism relate to prejudice.

10.6 Identify types of sexism; contrast interpersonal and institutional discrimination, glass ceiling, and stereotype threat; identify ways to reduce intergroup conflict.