Learning Objectives

After you have read this chapter, you will be able to:

7.1 Contrast egalitarian, rank, and stratified societies and illustrate key features of each

7.2 Describe the features of leadership in band, tribe, chiefdom, and state-level societies

7.3 Assess the role that violence plays in different forms of political organization

7.4 Describe the social stratification typical of state-level societies and give examples of how it is maintained

7.5 Explain how a nation–state is different from a state-level society

7.6 Describe the role that ethnicity and ethnic conflict play within nation–states

7.7 Assess the degree to which globalization challenges the idea of the nation–state