Learning Objectives

After you have read this chapter, you will be able to:

5.1 Explain the relationship between environment and subsistence strategy

5.2 Summarize the major characteristics of foraging, pastoralism, and horticulture and give an example of each

5.3 Analyze the differences between horticulture and agriculture and discuss the environmental impact of each

5.4 Explain what a peasant is and evaluate the role that landlords, the state, and other large social entities play in peasant life

5.5 Differentiate between agriculture and industrialism and assess the advantages and disadvantages of each