Learning Objectives

After you have read this chapter, you will be able to:

11.1 Differentiate between sex, sexuality, and gender

11.2 Illustrate the ways in which gender is culturally constructed and provide at least two examples

11.3 Analyze the role of gender ideology in the construction of gender and give examples

11.4 Explain what alternative gender roles are and give examples of them

11.5 Compare sexuality practices from different cultures and assess the range of culturally acceptable sexual behavior in the world’s cultures

11.6 Summarize different theories offered to explain the existence of gender hierarchies.

11.7 Compare and contrast gender relations typical of foraging, horticultural, pastoral, and agricultural societies

11.8 Assess the changes in understanding of gender in the past decades and relate them to changes in family and economy