Learning Objectives

14.1 Identify some of the critical reasons for the European expansion of the 16th century

14.2 Summarize the key methods Europeans used to gain wealth from their global expansion

14.3 Outline the role of disease in European expansion and compare its effects in the Americas and in Africa and Asia

14.4 Assess the roles of joint stock companies and monoculture plantations in creating European wealth

14.5 Compare and contrast the era of colonization between 1500 and 1800 with colonizing in the 19th century

14.6 Analyze the ways in which Europeans attempted to extract wealth from their colonies in the 19th and 20th centuries

14.7 Discuss the reasons why almost all colonies had achieved independence by the end of the 1960s