Learning Objectives

After reading Chapter 6, you should be able to:

  • Summarize the key elements of the AAIDD definitions of intellectual disability from 1961 to 2010.
  • Describe the concepts of intellectual ability and adaptive behavior.
  • Explain four ways of classifying individuals with intellectual disability.
  • Summarize society’s reaction to and treatment of individuals with intellectual disability.
  • List examples of pre-, peri-, and postnatal causes of intellectual disability.
  • Identify representative learning and social/behavioral characteristics of persons with intellectual disability.
  • List the key features of the following instructional strategies: task analysis, cooperative learning, and scaffolding.
  • Describe the goals of early intervention for young children with intellectual disability.
  • Discuss contemporary services for adults with intellectual disability.