Learning Objectives

After reading Chapter 12, you should be able to:

  • Define hearing impairment, deaf, and hard of hearing.
  • Contrast conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.
  • Explain the various assessment procedures used to measure hearing loss.
  • Describe the difference between prelingual and postlingual hearing impairments.
  • Summarize the historical evolution of educational services for children and youth with hearing impairments.
  • List possible causes of hearing loss.
  • Identify representative academic, social, and language characteristics of individuals with hearing impairments.
  • Compare among oral, manual, and total communication approaches for instructing students with hearing impairments.
  • Describe the concept of the Deaf culture.
  • Summarize educational services for persons with hearing impairments across the life span.
  • Explain how technology benefits individuals with hearing impairments.