Learning Objectives

After reading Chapter 13, you should be able to:

  • Define legally blind, functionally blind, deaf-blind, and low vision.
  • Explain the vision process and associated vision disorders.
  • List the most common visual impairments affecting school-age children.
  • Summarize the historical evolution of educational services for children and youth with visual impairments.
  • Discuss observable characteristics of vision difficulties.
  • Describe how visual acuity is assessed.
  • Define literacy medium and learning medium.
  • Summarize educational services for persons with visual impairments across the life span.
  • Explain how technology benefits individuals with visual impairments.