Learning Objectives

After reading Chapter 4, you should be able to:

  • Discuss the evolution of parent professional partnerships.
  • Describe the four key elements of a family systems model for understanding the impact of a disability on the family constellation.
  • Identify the emotional responses associated with the stages of parents’ reaction to their child’s disability.
  • Summarize the effects of an individual with a disability on family members.
  • Explain how a family’s cultural and linguistic background influences its reaction to a disability.