Click on the following links. Please note these will open in a new window.
Formal Ethics and Codes of Practice
Description: The above three websites provide the codes of ethics for two areas of applied communication—public opinion research and direct marketing.
Description: Many of the ethical principles set out by the APA apply to communication research. APA style is the publication style used to format many communication research papers.
Description: This site, in addition to providing ethical guidelines, sets out all the parties that can impact and be impacted by human subjects research—research participants; sponsors, funders, and employers; colleagues and the discipline; governments and society at large.
Description: This site has hundreds of codes of ethics from a variety of disciplines, including communication. In addition to the codes, you can find discussion on the value of having such codes and guidelines on constructing a code for your own organization.
Description: The above code of professional responsibilities for one of the major U.S. academic communication associations sets out professional standards for research, teaching, and publication.
Description: This central site provides information on a variety of topics related to research on human subjects in the U.S.
Description: This site provides information on human subjects research and research ethics.
Description: The Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) provides leadership in the protection of the rights, welfare, and wellbeing of subjects involved in research conducted or supported by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. OHRP is part of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health in the Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Description: This site at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides a timeline and information on the Tuskegee study.
Description: CDC works 24/7 to protect America from health, safety and security threats, both foreign and in the U.S. Whether diseases start at home or abroad, are chronic or acute, curable or preventable, human error or deliberate attack, CDC fights disease and supports communities and citizens to do the same.
Internet Research Ethics
Description: This report of a 1999 workshop lists specific recommendations related to Internet research, ranging from setting up a website of sample informed consent forms to the possibility of special certification for online researchers.
Web Link 2: Association of Internet Researchers (AoIR)
Description: The AoIR is a cross-disciplinary association of scholars and students and the source of the AoIR guide on ethical decision making and online research, at aoir.org/ethics.