Web Resources

Click on the following links. Please note these will open in a new window.

Formal Ethics and Codes of Practice

Web Link 1: American Association for Public Opinion Research Code of Professional Ethics and Practices

Web Link 2: Council of American Survey Research Organizations Code of Standards and Ethics for Market, Opinion, and Social Research

Web Link 3: Data Marketing & Analytics Guidelines for Ethical Business Practice

Description: The above three websites provide the codes of ethics for two areas of applied communication—public opinion research and direct marketing.

Web Link 4: American Psychological Association Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct

Description: Many of the ethical principles set out by the APA apply to communication research. APA style is the publication style used to format many communication research papers.

Web Link 5: Association of Social Anthropologists of the U.K. and Commonwealth Ethical Guidelines for Good Research Practice

Description: This site, in addition to providing ethical guidelines, sets out all the parties that can impact and be impacted by human subjects research—research participants; sponsors, funders, and employers; colleagues and the discipline; governments and society at large.

Web Link 6: Illinois Institute of Technology Center for the Study of Ethics in the Profession

Description: This site has hundreds of codes of ethics from a variety of disciplines, including communication. In addition to the codes, you can find discussion on the value of having such codes and guidelines on constructing a code for your own organization.

Web Link 7: National Communication Association Code of Professional Responsibilities for the Communication Scholar/Teacher

Description: The above code of professional responsibilities for one of the major U.S. academic communication associations sets out professional standards for research, teaching, and publication.

Web Link 8: National Institutes of Health (NIH) Bioethics Resources

Description: This central site provides information on a variety of topics related to research on human subjects in the U.S.

Web Link 9: Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues

Description: This site provides information on human subjects research and research ethics.

Web Link 10: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Human Research Protection

Web Link 11: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Informed Consent

Description: The Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) provides leadership in the protection of the rights, welfare, and wellbeing of subjects involved in research conducted or supported by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. OHRP is part of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health in the Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Web Link 12: U.S. Public Health Service Syphilis Study at Tuskegee

Description: This site at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides a timeline and information on the Tuskegee study.

Web Link 13: Remarks by the President [Bill Clinton] in Apology for Study Done in Tuskege

Description: CDC works 24/7 to protect America from health, safety and security threats, both foreign and in the U.S. Whether diseases start at home or abroad, are chronic or acute, curable or preventable, human error or deliberate attack, CDC fights disease and supports communities and citizens to do the same.

Internet Research Ethics

Web Link 1: American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Report on Ethical and Legal Aspects of Human Subjects Research in Cyberspace

Description: This report of a 1999 workshop lists specific recommendations related to Internet research, ranging from setting up a website of sample informed consent forms to the possibility of special certification for online researchers.

Web Link 2: Association of Internet Researchers (AoIR)

Description: The AoIR is a cross-disciplinary association of scholars and students and the source of the AoIR guide on ethical decision making and online research, at aoir.org/ethics.