Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Summarize the historical development of the law and explain the reforms introduced by the Classical School.
  • Identify the basic principles associated with the rule of law.
  • Explain the goals of the law and distinguish between the different types of law.
  • Differentiate misdemeanors and felonies.
  • Review the types of criminal defenses available to defendants.
  • Distinguish the importance of victim rights and their role in the criminal justice system.