Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Discuss why the doctrine of parens patriae shapes and maintains the juvenile justice system.
  • List the major differences between juvenile courts and adult courts.
  • Summarize the important Supreme Court cases with respect to juvenile rights.
  • Identify the various placement and treatment options for adjudicated juveniles.
  • Explain the process and reasons for transferring juveniles to adult court.