Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  1. Identify three methods of communication among scientists.
  2. Describe three elements of communication.
  3. Apply APA writing style and language guidelines for writing a manuscript.
  4. Distinguish between the 11 types of qualitative data analysis.
  5. Apply APA guidelines for writing and organizing a literature review article.
  6. Delineate how results are reported for a qualitative versus a quantitative research design.
  7. State APA guidelines for identifying the authorship of published scientific work.
  8. Identify guidelines for effectively presenting a poster.
  9. Identify guidelines for effectively giving a professional talk.