# Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

1. Define action research.
2. Identify and describe the differences between traditional and action research.
3. Distinguish between classroom-based and system-based action research.
4. Define practical and participatory action research.
5. Distinguish between proactive and responsive practical action research.
6. Define the seven key features of participatory action research.
7. Identify the differences between practical and participatory action research.
8. Identify and describe the stages of action research.
9. Explain the ethical considerations when conducting action research and what can be done to address them.
10. Describe how to evaluate action research.