SAGE Journal Articles

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Journal Article 1: Reale, L., Guarnera, M., & Mazzone, L. (2013). The effects of sleep disturbance on school performance: A preliminary investigation of children attending elementary gradesSchool Psychology International, 35, 398–404.

Abstract: Sleep disorders in children are common. Sleep plays an important role in children’s development and sleep disorders can have a substantial impact on their quality of life. Indeed, sleep is crucial for physical growth, behavior, and emotional development and it is also closely related to cognitive functioning, learning and attention, and therefore to school performance. In the present study sleep habits were investigated in 173 school-age children by using the Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ). Results show that children attending the third elementary grade had higher CSHQ total score, indicating sleep problems, as compared to other classes. Moreover, an inverse correlation was observed between sleep disturbance and school performance (p < 0.05), meaning that children with sleep problems also have a lower performance at school. Our findings imply that sleep disorders could negatively impact school performance.

Journal Article 2: Johnson-Reid, M., Chance, T., & Drake, B. (2007). Risk of death among children reported for nonfatal maltreatmentChild Maltreatment, 12, 86–95.

Abstract: This article presents analyses of longitudinal data to explore whether low-income children who survived a first incident of reported maltreatment were at higher risk of later childhood death compared to a matched comparison group of low-income children without reports of maltreatment (n = 7,433). Compared to the comparison group, children in the maltreatment group had about twice the risk of death before age 18 (0.51% vs. 0.27%). Among children with maltreatment reports, median time from the first report to subsequent death was 9 months. The majority of deaths among children who were reported for maltreatment could be categorized as preventable (accidents or recurrent maltreatment) as compared to resulting from severe health conditions.