Learning Objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Discuss different media standards around the world by using four normative theories of the press.
  • Explain the usefulness of a more recent “development theory” for describing the press in the twenty-first century.
  • Explain the importance of social media and other “small media” in the Middle East.
  • Describe the dangers journalists face when reporting from conflict zones.
  • Discuss whether Marshall McLuhan’s concept of the “global village” is relevant to the media world today.