Learning Check Answers
Answers to the Learning Check boxes within the text are provided here for your reference.
Learning Check 5.1
1. What is the term that means the study and policies related to the improvement of the human race via control over selective reproduction, to try to improve the human race?
2. What is the 19th Century study of the size of the brain/skull, in which it was believed that the bigger the brain, the more superior the person/race?
3. What is the 19th Century study of various bumps on or portions of the skull that were supposed to reveal weaknesses in terms of certain cognitive or personality traits?
Learning Check 5.2
1. Who is considered the Father of Criminology, as well as the Father of the Positive School of criminological theory?
2. What did the Father of Criminology say was a way to identify the most dangerous, chronic criminals?
- Those with bad parents
- Those who were poor
- Those who had delinquent peers
- Those who had stigmata
- Those who had weak ties to conventional society
3. What does the Positive School of criminology assume that clearly distinguishes it from the Classical School of criminology?
- Free will/free choice
- Rational decision-making in choosing behavior
Learning Check 5.3
1. According to the text, who is the theorist who invented IQ testing in France in the early 1900s?
2. According to the text, who is the theorist that is one of the key proponents of IQ testing in the United States in the early 1900s, and who had his research team identifying “feebleminded” persons at Ellis Island, New York City?
3. According to the text, which level of “feeblemindedness” was considered the highest level of the feebleminded, yet was believed to be the biggest threat to society?
4. According to the text, what US Supreme Court case (decided in 1927), ruled that it was constitutional for individuals to be sterilized based on IQ scores?
- Miranda v. Arizona
- Buck v. Bell
- Mapp v. Ohio
- McKeiver v. Pennsylvania
- Breed v. Jones
Learning Check 5.4
1. According to the text, which theorist had the most prominent theory on body types, otherwise known as somatotyping?
2. According to the text, which body type is that of a muscular or athletic build, which is the most likely of individuals who tend to be delinquent and/or criminal?
3. According to the text, which type of personality is correlated with an Ectomorphic body type?
- None of the above