Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  1. Distinguish between descriptive and inferential statistics.
  2. Explain how samples and populations, as well as a sample statistic and population parameter, differ.
  3. Describe three research methods commonly used in behavioral science.
  4. State the four scales of measurement and provide an example for each.
  5. Distinguish between variables that are qualitative or quantitative.
  6. Distinguish between variables that are discrete or continuous.
  7. Enter data into SPSS by placing each group in separate columns and each group in a single column (coding is required).