Discussion Questions

  1. How do the other four segments of the justice system interact with corrections?
  2. How does modern penology reflect Beccaria’s and Bentham’s philosophies?
  3. In what ways did systems focused on punishment differ from those focused on reform in early America?
  4. How did economic conditions impact corrections in early America?
  5. What are strengths and challenges of indeterminate and determinate sentences?
  6. What might be factors that contribute to the differences in offender populations between federal and state corrections?