Learning Objectives

3.1  Describe the origins of early modern prisons

3.2  Evaluate the two predominate prison systems of the early 1800s and their strengths and weaknesses

3.3  Summarize what the social critics (Beaumont, Tocqueville and Dix) thought of the early prisons and why

3.4  Explain why reform of prisons and jails was needed and how those reform efforts worked out

3.5  Assess where we are today in America in terms of prison types and how we got there

3.6  Describe the prevailing themes in correctional history