Learning Objectives

On completion of this chapter, students should be able to do the following:

  • Discuss the history and current status of gangs in the United States
  • Assess the various theories of gang development and membership
  • Recognize the relationships among gangs, violence, and drugs
  • Understand the role of firearms in youth violence
  • Understand the relationship between delinquency and gang membership
  • Discuss the characteristics of gang members in terms of age, race/ethnicity, gender, monikers, jargon, and
  • Discuss a variety of public and private responses to gang activities
  • Assess various alternatives to incarceration for violent juveniles