Learning Objectives

  1. Define nonverbal communication, explain its metacommunicative nature, and discuss its functions and characteristics
  2. Define and distinguish among the following kinds of nonverbal messages: kinesics, paralanguage, proxemics, haptics, artifactual communication and appearance, olfactics, color, and chronemics
  3. Discuss culture’s influence on nonverbal behavior
  4. Compare and contrast the nonverbal communication styles of men and women
  5. Describe how the media and technology influence use of nonverbal messages
  6. Identify steps you can take to improve your nonverbal effectiveness