Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to

  • Describe the roles of law enforcement
  • Explain why it is difficult to find police contact data for youth under the age of 18
  • Compare and contrast police interactions with juveniles and with adults
  • Identify the strategies for improving law enforcement interactions with youth in general and during traumatizing events
  • Summarize the two major Supreme Court decisions on youth in police custody
  • Outline the main ways that policing of youth involves discretion
  • List the factors related to police use of force
  • Analyze the relationship between policing and unequal treatment based on race, ethnicity, class, gender identification, and sexual orientation
  • Articulate the type of programs that exist to improve police–youth interactions