Learning Objectives

  1. Cite and explain the forces that led to the end of de jure segregation, including organizations, leaders, and legal changes.


  2. Compare and contrast the civil rights movement with the Black Power movement.


  3. Cite and explain the most important issues and trends that have animated black–white relations since the 1960s, including:

    • the relationship between the criminal justice system and the black community,

    • class inequality within the black community,

    • modern institutional discrimination,

    • the family institution,

    • new racial identities, and

    • prejudice and discrimination.


  4. Describe the situation of African Americans using the concepts of assimilation and pluralism, especially in terms of

    • acculturation,

    • secondary structural assimilation, and

    • primary structural assimilation.


  5. Assess the overall situation of African Americans today based on the concepts and information presented in this chapter. Is the glass half empty or half full?