SAGE Journal Articles

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Journal Article 1: Astor, J. H., Fagan, T. J., & Shapiro, D. (2018). The effects of restrictive housing on the psychological functioning of inmates. Journal of Correctional Health Care, 24, 8–20.

Abstract: The use of restrictive housing as a correctional management tool has received much attention in recent years, especially as it impacts psychological functioning. While there is considerable literature advocating for the reduced use of restrictive housing, much of it is based on opinions, interview data, and testimonials. This article reviews only the empirical evidence regarding the effects of restrictive housing on psychological functioning in actual correctional settings. Results of this review indicate that only a limited number of empirical studies examine the effects of restrictive housing on mental functioning in correctional settings. Findings from these studies are mixed and are fraught with definitional, geographic, and methodological problems. These problems are identified and discussed. Also, suggestions are made for future research directions to more clearly understand the effects of restrictive housing on psychological functioning.

Journal Article 2: Clark, K. (2018). The effect of mental illness on segregation following institutional misconduct. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 45, 1363–1382.

Abstract: Recent anecdotal reports have suggested that disciplinary segregation in prison is disproportionately used against mentally ill inmates. To date, little research has examined this phenomenon empirically. This study analyzes the impact of a prediagnosed mental illness on the likelihood an inmate is sentenced to segregation following an institutional misconduct in state facilities. Findings suggest that inmates with a mental illness have a higher likelihood of being sentenced to segregation compared with inmates without a mental illness (odds ratio [OR] = 1.36), net of other factors. Further analyses indicate that mentally ill inmates are more likely to receive segregation compared with a range of other less serious disciplinary actions. Practical implications and directions for future research are explored.