Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Explain how scientific theories are generated.
  • Demonstrate how scientists test hypotheses.
  • Describe the differences between correlational and experimental studies.
  • Assess the methods that scientists have for studying the role of brain structures in behavior.
  • Compare the methods that scientists use to investigate the structure and function of brain cells.
  • Identify the ethical protections that are in place for human participants.
  • Summarize the ethical protections that exist for research animals.
  • Examine the ethical concerns that have been raised about stem cell and gene therapy research.