Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Identify the cells of the nervous system.
  • Name the structures of neurons.
  • Compare the functions of sensory, motor, and interneurons.
  • Explain the roles of ions and the cell membrane in nervous system communication.
  • Demonstrate how neurotransmitters are involved in communication between nervous system cells.
  • Discuss how neurons work together to generate your experiences of the world.
  • Illustrate the ways that excitation and inhibition are important to the functioning of the nervous system.