Learning Objectives

As a result of reading this chapter, you will be able to:

1.  Outline the general protections enjoyed by citizens under the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments

2.  Define and provide examples of probable cause

3.  Explain the rationale for, ramifications of, and exceptions to the exclusionary rule

4.  Distinguish between arrests and searches and seizures with and without a warrant

5.  Explain the rights of-and limitations on-the police with regard to searching a person's home, immediate area, body, and vehicle

6.  Discuss some significant ways in which the Miranda decision has been eroded

7.  Review what is meant by "stop and frisk"

8.  Explain generally to what extent the police may use electronic devices in order to obtain information from members of the public

9.  Describe what rights are held by criminal defendants regarding the right to counsel, for both felony and misdemeanor arrests