Learning Objectives

As a result of reading this chapter, you will be able to:

1.  Explain correctional organizations in terms of the factors that affect prison and jail populations and the resources they require (e.g., employment and expenditures)

2.  Explain the basic structure and function of state prisons

3.  Explain the basic structure and function of the federal prison system

4.  Describe how supermax prisons function, how they differ from other prisons, and critics' views concerning their effects on inmates and their constitutionality

5.  Review how jails are organized and constructed, including the "new generation" jail

6.  Describe some of the technologies now in use in corrections