Learning Objectives

As a result of reading this chapter, you will be able to:

1.  Describe the deprivations, effects, and prisonization caused by places of confinement

2.  Explain the conditions of regular and solitary confinement, and the underground economy that inmates use to make their detention less unpleasant

3.  Review the general duties of prison and jail staff members, including some sage advice for institutional governance

4.  Illustrate the unique challenges posed for prison governance by litigation, drugs and gangs as well as by female, mentally ill, geriatric, and death row inmates

5. Describe some important measures that can be taken to assist with inmates' reintegration and aftercare

6.  Describe several major federal court decisions that greatly expanded prisoners' rights