Learning Objectives

As a result of reading this chapter, you will be able to:

1.  Describe how policing began in England, to include the four major police-related offices that evolved and came to America,

2.  Discuss the three eras of policing and August Vollmer's major contributions to advancing early policing

3.  Explain the duties and functions of selected federal law enforcement agencies, the departments into which they are organized, and the basic qualifications and working conditions for a career in these agencies

4.  Delineate the various types of specialized functions that are found in state law enforcement agencies

5.  Distinguish between, and diagram, the functions of municipal police and county sheriffs agencies

6.  Explain how and why private policing was developed, and the contemporary purposes and issues of the private police