SAGE Journal Articles
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Journal Article 1: Bal, P. M., Chiaburu, D. S., & Diaz, I. (2011). Does psychological contract breach decrease proactive behaviors? The moderating effect of emotion regulation. Group & Organization Management, 36(6), 722-758.
Abstract: In a set of two studies, based on employees from two countries, we examined how emotion regulation moderates the relationship between psychological contract breach and (a) feelings of violation and (b) proactive behaviors (knowledge sharing and taking charge). We found that cognitive change buffers the negative effect of breach on feelings of violation and knowledge sharing (Study 1, United States). We replicate this result using taking charge as an outcome. In addition, we demonstrate that using high levels of attentional deployment as an emotion regulation strategy accentuates the negative effect of both social and generative breach on employees’ taking charge (Study 2, the Netherlands). Based on our results, we call for additional research on how emotion regulation modifies the relationship between psychological contract breach and work outcomes.
Abstract: Medical school can be challenging and poses varied number of stressors to the students. Stress can affect well-being and hamper academic performance. Adaptive coping strategies can protect students against stress. Stress experience and coping may differ across genders. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of stress, examine gender differences in stress experience and coping in a sample of 94 third year medical students. Consenting students were administered Professional Student Stress Survey and Carver’s Brief COPE. All students reported stress and majority experienced stress to a moderate degree (50.5 per cent). Academic performance and professional identity issues were of greatest concerns. Female students had more academic performance stress. Among coping strategies, support seeking was more in females as shown by the increased use of instrumental support seeking (problem-focused) and emotional support seeking (emotion-focused) in comparison to males. Humour, a positive emotion-focused strategy and self-blame, a maladaptive strategy, were used more by males. The findings point towards the crucial need for stress management programs and coping skills training to help medical students manage stress and enhance positive coping strategies.
Abstract: Although Employee Wellness Programs (EWPs) have been around for decades, initiatives in government organizations typically lag behind initiatives developed in the private sector in both magnitude and diversity. While city managers may invest in EWPs with the intent of saving on health care costs and of enhancing employee productivity, internal characteristics and incentive structures as well as the organizational culture within each individual bureaucracy ultimately shape the nature and direction of EWP management. Drawing upon the logic of geographic individuality of administrative regions, the authors argue that organizations in different cities are likely to develop and incorporate wellness services that reflect unique regional settings. By assessing EWPs across the county, it is evident that the decision to implement certain wellness services within a city unit are based, in part, on geography rather than technical characteristics of the organization or wellness program. This means that geographical attributes can be translated into the provision of services. Pressure to establish a program likely comes from many arenas, and this assessment posits that geography plays an important role in program adoption alongside the service distribution argument of need and ability to pay.