Learning Objectives

By the end of this chapter, you will be able to:

12.1  Explain the basic concept of leadership
12.2  Distinguish between formal and informal leadership and between leadership and management
12.3  Contrast the four basic types of leadership
12.4  Describe the trait, behavioral, and contingency leadership perspectives
12.5  Compare the inspirational, relational, and follower-centered leadership perspectives
12.6  Discuss the power-distributing leadership perspectives of empowering, shared, and self-leadership
12.7  Describe the values-based leadership perspectives of authentic, spiritual, servant, and ethical leadership
12.8  Discuss leadership across cultures
12.9  Identify gender issues in the context of leadership