Learning Objectives

11-1 Pluralism and the Interest-Group System

  • Define pluralism and assess the benefits and criticisms of interest-group politics.

11-2 Interest Groups in Action

  • Evaluate the critical role interest groups play in influencing policy-making through iron triangles, issue networks, and providing benefits to members.

11-3 Types of Interest Groups

  • Distinguish between economic interest groups and noneconomic interest groups according to their primary purpose.

11-4 How Interest Groups Achieve Their Goals

  • Identify the activities interest groups engage in to achieve their goals and influence public policy.