Chapter 6


1. The professional standard of reasonableness is known as the ___________ Test.  

Answer: Bolam

2. What is the most likely cause of action for a patient who has been harmed by the incompetent actions of a healthcare professional?  

Answer: Negligence

3. The law which has been created and enacted by Parliament is known as __________ law.  

Answer: Statute

4. By what name is the system of redress known when a patient suffers harm as a result of negligence?  

Answer: Compensation

5. The burden of proof in a negligence claim lies with the ____________ .  

Answer: Claimant

6. The major piece of legislation covering the consent of adults who are unable to make their own decisions is the Mental ____________ Act 2005.  

Answer: Capacity

7. The conferral of decision-making authority onto a named representative is known as a Lasting Power of ________________ .  

Answer: Attorney

8. What is the name given to the principle whereby patient information is released only to those who have a legitimate right of access to it?  

Answer: Confidentiality

9. The legislation which recognises a personal right to privacy is known as the Human __________ Act 1998.  

Answer: Rights

10. A child below the age of 16 may be able to give consent to treatment on his/her own behalf provided that s/he is _____________ competent.  

Answer: Gillick

11. When a court states that healthcare professionals cannot withhold treatment form a patient in order to shorten his/her life, it is upholding the principle of the ___________ of life.  

Answer: Sanctity

12. A person whose role is to help incapacitated people who face important decisions about serious medical treatment is known as an Independent Mental Capacity _____________.  

Answer: Advocate

13. Section 2 of the Mental Health Act authorises detention of a patient for what purpose?  

Answer: Assessment

14. A qualified nurse who had breached patient confidentiality without good reason would be practising in conflict with the Nursing and Midwifery Council’s Code of Professional ____________.  

Answer: Conduct

15. The principle by which an employer accepts legal responsibility for the actions of its employees is known as ________________ liability.  

Answer: Vicarious