SAGE Journal Articles

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Tyler, J.M. (2012). Triggering self-presentation efforts outside of people’s conscious. Awareness Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 38, 619–627. doi: 10.1177/0146167211432767

This article reflects on three studies of self-presentation in terms of deliberate or conscious activity. The methodology suggests that non-conscious social cues may directly impact the concept of self-presentation in most cases. This signifies a behavior that has become learned over time and thus, becomes a habit.

  1. Discuss the concept of self-preservation in communication.
  2. Identify the habitual behaviors that become mundane in every day communication.
  3. Discuss how the social environment effects self-presentation.
  4. Discuss how self-presentation can be triggered by social settings and environments.


Saker, M., & Leighton, E. (2016). Locative media and identity: Accumulative technologies of the self. Sage Open, 6(3). doi: 10.1177/2158244016662692.

This article explores the relationship of location-based social networks on identity drawing on the work of Foucault’s technologies of the self. The use of Foursquare and other social media identifies location as a key factor in self-identity and disclosure.

  1. Identify the role of locative media in identity theory.
  2. Explain what is meant by “Technologies of the Self”?
  3. Find an example of keeping a “memory backed up” in order to preserve self-identity.
  4. Describe an implication of the spatial and temporal disclosure of self-identity.