Learning Objectives

  • Describe the differences between types of prisons
  • Describe what factors affect the operation of prisons
  • Explain what prisonization, mortification, importation, pains of imprisonment, and mature coping are and how they influence inmate behavior
  • Evaluate the roles of inmates, staff, and prison gangs and why they exist in prisons
  • Identify the reasons why violence, riots, and sexual assaults occur in prisons and some strategies for their reduction
  • Describe the challenges of meeting the needs of aging, physically and mentally ill, and LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex) inmates in prisons