Learning Objectives

  • Distinguish between descriptive and inferential statistics.
  • Explain how samples and populations, as well as a sample statistic and population parameter, differ.
  • Describe three research methods commonly used in behavioral science.
  • State the four scales of measurement and provide an example for each.
  • Distinguish between variables that are qualitative or quantitative.
  • Distinguish between variables that are discrete or continuous.
  • Enter data into SPSS by placing each group in separate columns and each group in a single column (coding is required).