Distinguish the difference between a prototype and a concept.
- Explain how concepts are stored in memory.
- Create an argument for why a robin is considered “birdier” than a chicken.
Recognize the methods humans use to solve problems and how humans are also hindered by those same problem-solving methods.
- Determine if heuristics are more efficient problem-solving methods than trial and error.
- Examine why some psychologists believe in problem solving by insight—and why others think insight is just an illusion.
- Identify some of the “blind spots” that impair our ability to solve problems.
Define language, and recognize its properties.
- Determine if you agree with the saying, “All humans speak in the same tongue.”
- Identify the universal properties of all languages.
- Describe how language emerges.
Explain how the words we use influence our ideas about others, ourselves, and the world.
- Relate the words we speak to the way we conceptualize the world.
- Discuss how culture affects language.
Critique the theoretical types of intelligence for accuracy and bias.
- Examine the reasons why intelligence is measured.
- Describe how IQ tests are constructed.
- Recognize what it means to create an accurate IQ test.
Appreciate the range of intelligences proposed by the field of psychology.
- Examine why some psychologists believe intelligence to be one general ability.
- Determine if we can predict a child’s IQ in infancy.
- Understand the arguments posed by psychologists who believe that there are multiple human intelligences.
Apply the nature versus nurture debate to group variations in intelligence.
- Recognize the social impact that intelligence has on resources and opportunities.
- Summarize what research tell us about genetic and environmental influences.
- List some group differences researchers have found in test scores.